1. resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant: a recalcitrant prisoner.
2. hard to deal with, manage, or operate.
3. a recalcitrant person.
[1835–45; < Latin recalcitrant-, s. of recalcitrāns, present participle of recalcitrāre to kick back]
re•cal′ci•trance, re•cal′ci•tran•cy, n.
1. a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of conscience for doing wrong or causing pain; contrition; remorse.
2. any uneasiness or hesitation about the rightness of an action; qualm.
[1350–1400; Middle English
< Late Latin compūnctiō remorse
< Latin compung(ere)
to prick severely
– + pungere
to prick; compare point
a bitter or violent criticism or attack; denunciation
[C16: from Latin diatriba learned debate, from Greek diatribē discourse, pastime, from diatribein to while away, from dia- + tribein to rub]
a feeling of annoyance or mortification
to embarrass and annoy; mortify
[C17: from French chagrin, chagriner, of unknown origin]
ˈchagrined, ˈchagrinned adj